Dictators who like to have titles such as King and Emperor to make themselves feel royal and to establish an empire. Africa
- Jean-Bédel Bokassa - Central African Republic 1966–1979 Made himself Emperor and established the Central African Empire.
- Agustín de Iturbide - Mexico 1822-1823
- Jean-Jacques Dessalines - Haiti 1804-1806
- Henry Christophe - Northern Haiti 1806-1820
Far East Asia
- Yuan Shikai - Republic of China 1912–1916 First president of China. Attempted to bring back a Chinese Dynasty.
- Napoleon Bonaparte - France 1799-1814 First Consul of France and than emperor later on.
- Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte - France 1848-1870 Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte. Sought to re-established the Napoleon monarchy
- Tsar Boris III Bulgaria 1934-1943 Tsar of Bulgaria. Established a counter-coup after previous coup.
- Ahmet Bej Zogu - Albania 1925-1939 Elected president but crowned himself King because the people weren't used to a president.
- Alexander I - Yugoslavia 1929-1934 A Regent to become the first King oF Yugoslavia.
- Carol II - Romania 1938-1940 Hereditary reign, but transferred power from constitutional to absolute-monarchy.
Dictators who promote a Nationalist form of dictatorship sometimes including Fascism, Nazism, Religious Identity and even Progressivism. North America
- Woodrow Wilson - United States 1913-1921 Very Progressive president. The first president in 20th century to establish what fascism basically is and Benito Mussolini even admitted he adopted some of policies.
- Gerardo Machado - Cuba 1925-1933 A huge supporter of Benito Mussolini.
- Benito Mussolini - Italy 1922-1945 Sole founder of Fascism.
- Aleksandar Tsankov - Bulgaria 1923-1926
- Engelbert Dollfuss - Austria 1933–1934 Austrian Nationalist form of Fascism.
- José Mendes Cabeçadas - Portugal 1926
- Gomes da Costa - Portugal 1926
- António Óscar Carmona - Portugal 1926-1928 Adopted Portuguese Nationalism and a form of a Catholic Clergy.
- Antanas Smetona - Lithuania 1926–1940 Lithuanian Nationalist.
- António de Oliveira Salazar - Portugal 1928–1968
- Konstantin Päts - Estonia 1933–1940
- Adolf Hitler - Germany 1933-1945 Adopted Mussolini's Fascism and added racism and anti-semitism and formed Nazism.
- Kārlis Ulmanis - Latvia 1934–1940
- Kurt Schuschnigg - Austria 1934–1938
- Ioannis Metaxas - Greece 1936–1941 Greek Nationalism. Considered a Quasi-Fascist rather than complete Fascist.
- Francisco Franco - Spain 1936–1975 Ultra religious Spanish Nationalist.
- Jozef Tiso - Slovakia 1939–1945
- Ion Antonescu - Romania 1940–1944
- Philippe Pétain - Vichy France 1940–1944 Huge supporter of Adolf Hitler.
- Ante Pavelić - Croatia 1941–1945 Croatian nationalist.
- Ferenc Szálasi - Hungary 1944-1945
- Marcelo Caetano - Portugal 1968–1974
Dictators who proclaim Marxism-Leninisms commonly called Communism. Includes both alighned and non-alighned with the USSR. Africa
- José Eduardo dos Santos - Angola 1979-current Abandoned Communist ideology after the Cold War.
- Mohamed Siad Barre - Somalia 1969–1991
- Mengistu Haile Mariam - Ethiopia 1974–1991
- Fidel Castro - Cuba 1959-2006
- Raúl Castro - Cuba 2006-current
- East Asia
- Horloogiyn Choybalsan - Mongolia 1936–1952 Soviet-satellite for the former USSR.
- Kim Il-sung - North Korea 1948–1994
- Ho Chi Minh - North Vietnam 1945-1969
- Mao Zedong - People's Republic of China 1949–1976
- Pol Pot - Democratic Kampuchea 1975–1979 Extremist radical communist.
- Khamtai Siphandon - Laos 1992–2006
- Kim Jong-il - North Korea 1994–current
- Vladimir Lenin - USSR 1917-1924 Put Marxism into action and established Marxism-Leninism often called Communists.
- Josef Stalin - USSR 1924–1953 Radical Communist who seized power after Lenin's death.
- Josip Broz Tito - Yugoslavia 1944–1980 Independent and did not comply with the USSR.
- Enver Hoxha - Albania 1944-1985 Indenpendent. Broke off relations with the USSR due to Sino-Soviet-Split.
- Mátyás Rákosi - Hungary 1949-1953
- Nikita Khrushchev - USSR 1953-1964
- Janos Kadar - Hungary 1956-1988
- Todor Zhivkov - Bulgaria 1956-1989
- Antonín Novotný - Czechoslovakia 1957-1968
- Walter Ulbricht - German Democratic Republic 1950-1971
- Leonid Brezhnev - USSR 1964–1982
- Nicolae Ceauşescu - Romania 1965–1989
- Gustáv Husák - Czechoslovakia 1969-1987
- Erich Honecker - German Democratic Republic 1971-1989
- Wojciech Jaruzelski - Poland 1981-1990
- Yuri Andropov - USSR 1982-1984
- Konstantin Chernenko - USSR 1984-1985
- Mikhail Gorbachev - USSR 1985-1991
Military dictators who often come to power through a coup d'etat and often wear a military uniform whenever they go into public. North America
- Victoriano Huerta - Mexico 1913-1914Central America
- Carlos Castillo Armas - Guatemala 1954–1957
- Oswaldo López Arellano - Honduras 1963–1971-1972–1975
- Omar Torrijos - Panama 1968–1981
- Efraín Ríos Montt - Guatemala 1982–1983
- Manuel Noriega - Panama 1983–1989
- Rafael Trujillo - Dominican Republic 1930-1961
- Paul Magloire - Haiti 1950-1956
- Fulgencio Batista - Cuba 1952-1959 Military dictator who was pro U.S..
Middle East Asia
- Abdul Karim Qassem - Iraq 1958–1963
- Abdul Salam Arif - Iraq 1963–1966
- Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr - Iraq 1968–1979
- Ayub Khan - Pakistan 1958–1969
- Yahya Khan - Pakistan 1969–1971
- Rahimuddin Khan - Balochistan-Pakistan 1978–1984
- Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq - Pakistan 1978–1988
- Hossain Mohammad Ershad - Bangladesh 1982–1990
- Pervez Musharraf - Pakistan 1999-2008
Far East Asia
- Tokugawa Ieyasu - Japan 1600-1616 Samurai Shogun of Japan.
- Park Chung Hee - South Korea 1961–1979
- Ne Win - Burma 1962–1988
- Thanom Kittikachorn - Thailand 1963–1973
- Chun Doo Hwan - South Korea 1980–1988
- Than Shwe - Burma 1992–current
- Sonthi Boonyaratglin - Thailand 2006–2008
- Oliver Cromwell - Commonwealth of England 1653-1658
- Miguel Primo de Rivera - Spain 1923–1930
- Józef Piłsudski - Poland 1926–1935
- George Papadopoulos - Greece 1967–1973
- Phaedon Gizikis - Greece 1973-1974
Dictators who don't fit into any particular philosiphical category and generally stage and control elections to give the delusion of democracy. Europe
- Slobodan Milošević - Yugoslavia-Serbia 1989-1990 Brutal genocidal dictator.
- Aleksandr Lukashenko - Belarus 1994-current