Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid at-Tikriti (born on April 28, 1937 in Al-Audia, December 30, 2006 in Baghdad) - Iraqi lawyer, politician and statesman, sole Marshal of Iraq, general , president and actual dictator of Iraq in 1979-2003, secretary general of the Iraqi party of the Baath Party and chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council.
He came to power after taking power in Iraq through the Baath party, proclaiming Arab socialism and pan-Arabism. Saddam played a significant role in the coup prepared by this party in 1968. In the 1970s, on his initiative, the oil industry, mostly belonging to Western corporations, was nationalized. He developed Iraq's economy quickly from oil-derived money. Husayn was surrounded in the government by politicians from the Sunni minority of the country. Formally, he came to power in 1979, at which time he reached the apogee of his power.
In 1980 he began a war with Iran which lasted until 1988 and to which he was more or less openly urged and supported militarily and politically by the US and the USSR, fearing the spread of the Iranian Islamic revolution .In 1988, he carried out the Al-Anfal operation, during which he used chemical weapons against Kurdish armed groups and civilians.
After the end of the war with Iran, he lost the support of the West, while he was surrounded by reverence by part of the inhabitants of the Arab world. He was overthrown in 2003 as a result of the invasion of the international coalition led by the United States and the United Kingdom. In 2006, he was hanged on the basis of the judgment of the Supreme Court