b. August 2, 1925 at Mercedes in Argentina, d. May 17, 2013 in Marcos Paz
A son of a military colonel. In 1944 he joined the army. In 1973 he was promoted to Brigadier General. In the same year, he became the head of the general staff of the army. In 1975, President Isabel Perón appointed him Commander-in-Chief of the Army. He began reorganizing the army and removed the officers sympathizing with the Peronism. In 1975 he campaigned against the Revolutionary People's Army in the province of Tucumán. On March 24, 1976, he participated in a military coup. On March 29, he formally assumed the office of president.
At the moment of taking power by the junta, the country was plunged into economic catastrophe, high inflation and corruption. There was a leftist guerilla movement (the Revolutionary Army of the People and Montoneros) and armed groups of the rightist Peronist. Videl suspended the parliament, the activities of political parties and trade unions. He filled the most important government positions with military personnel. In the economy, he adopted the free market model.
In the next few years, the junta killed thousands of people. Official figures say about 9,000 victims, other sources estimate that the dictator killed between 15 and 30 thousand people. Many other people have been imprisoned and subjected to torture.
In 1981, he handed over the office of the president to general Roberto Eduardo Violi. Democracy was restored in 1983. Videla was brought to trial, found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. The charges against him were related to the violation of human rights. In 1990, President Carlos Men pardoned the former dictator. Videla returned briefly to prison in 1998, when the court found him guilty of less known kidnappings during the so-called dirty war. Because of his health, the prison was turned into a house arrest for Videla. On December 22, 2010, the former dictator was again sentenced to life imprisonment. The Córdoba court found him guilty of the deaths of 31 political prisoners during the reign of the junta in the 1970s and 1980s. He died on May 17, 2013 in a prison in Buenos Aires due to natural causes