(born April 18, 1892 [b] in Rygach Brygidkowskich, died on March 12, 1956 in Moscow) - Polish politician, communist activist, NKVD agent, Chairman of the National National Council (1944), president of the National Council and deputy president of the Republic of Poland (1944-47 ), president of the Republic of Poland in 1947-1952 (elected by the Sejm after the 1947 parliamentary elections), leader of PZPR (from 1948 as secretary general and from 17 March 1954 secretary of the Central Committee), chairman of the Council of Ministers in 1952-1954, deputy to the National Council, the Legislative Seym and the Sejm of the first term of office, a member of the Military Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the PZPR overseeing the People's Polish Army from May 194

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