Askar Akajewicz Akayev, born on November 10, 1944 in Kyzyłbajrak) - Kyrgyz physicist and politician, the first president of Kyrgyzstan from October 27, 1990 to March 24, 2005.
Prior to 1990, Akayev was a politically uninvolved scientist (professor of physics) and president of the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences, rather unfriendly to the Communist Party, although he later followed the pro-Moscow policy - he was also the author of the Commonwealth of Independent States idea. In 1991 he became the chairman of the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan, leading his country to declare independence on August 31, 1991. Having no opponents, he won the presidential election in 1991, winning 95% of the vote. It was re-elected in 1995 and 2000, although the election procedure was pointed out at that time.
In the course of his presidency, he began to manifest increasingly stronger authoritarian efforts, which triggered mass protests in 2002, when Akajew was called to resign from office. Under strong social pressure, Akajew promised that he would give in after the third term in 2005. In the year, the Legislative Assembly, the lower chamber of the Kyrgyz parliament, provided him with lifetime immunity. On March 24, 2005, as a result of the tulip revolution, Akayev and his family fled to Russia. On April 4, 2005, he formally resigned from the office of the president. Parliament officially accepted his resignation on April 11, 2005.