Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] (listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP). He rose to power as the chancellor of Germany in 1933 and then as Führer in 1934.[a] During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland on 1 September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetuation of the Holocaust.
After rapid successes with the war using blitzkrieg tactics, the allies, UK, US, and Soviet Russia began to fight back and eventually, with Berlin surrounded, Hitler committed suicide in his bunker on April 30, 1945. The war he had tragically led from its beginning and end cost up to 60 million lives lost total, with a huge fraction as a result of genocide.